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About 20% of Australia's land mass is owned under native title, a wealth market estimated to be worth billion in 2014, and tipped to quadruple in the next few years.Without closer ties to the banking and finance sector the economic development of Aboriginal communities continues to depend on decisions made in Canberra and not Aboriginal offices.Click here for information on the term 'Indigenous' The use of the term 'Indigenous' has evolved through international law.
Old definitions based on skin colour or percentages of 'Aboriginal blood' have been replaced by modern definitions which stress ancestry and identification as the key to Aboriginal identity.
Today, the Federal Government defines an Aboriginal person as someone who: Aboriginal people comprise diverse Aboriginal nations, each with their own language and traditions and have historically lived on mainland Australia, Tasmania or on many of the continent's offshore islands.
Percentage of Aboriginal people in 2008 whose main source of personal income was Community Development Employment Projects program payments, government pensions or allowances. In business, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal parties have a history of not trusting each other."Historically we have encountered a perceived lack of good governance that has held back some banks and other financiers from getting involved because of the fear working with the blackfellas will all be just too difficult," says Bruce Martin, chairman of organisation Aak Puul Ngantam (APN) Cape York.
"And conversely lots of people within our community have been held back by concerns that every whitefella in the investment community is a snake oil salesman come to rip us off."Forming good mutual relationships is a prerequisite for economic development.
Torres Strait Islander peoples come from the islands of the Torres Strait, between the tip of Cape York in Queensland and Papua New Guinea.
Torres Strait Islanders are of Melanesian origin with their own distinct identity, history and cultural traditions.NRMA CEO Rohan Lund finds this has "a big impact on employment".Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are the first inhabitants of Australia.'Aboriginal people' can also be used to refer to more than one Aboriginal person.The 'I' in 'Indigenous' is capitalised when referring specifically to Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.The threats to indigenous peoples' cultures and lands, to their status and other legal rights as distinct groups and as citizens, do not always take the same forms as in previous times.Although some groups have been relatively successful, in most parts of the world indigenous peoples are actively seeking recognition of their identities and ways of life.'1 The 'A' in 'Aboriginal' is capitalised similar to other designations like 'Australian', 'Arabic' or 'Nordic'.The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights has explained the basis for recognising this relationship as follows: 'Indigenous or aboriginal people are so-called because they were living on their lands before settlers came from elsewhere; they are the descendants - according to one definition - of those who inhabited a country or a geographical region at the time when people of different cultures or ethnic origins arrived, the new arrivals later becoming dominant through conquest, occupation, settlement or other means (I)ndigenous people have retained social, cultural, economic and political characteristics which are clearly distinct from those of the other segments of the national populations.Throughout human history, whenever dominant neighbouring peoples have expanded their territories or settlers from far away have acquired new lands by force, the cultures and livelihoods - even the existence - of indigenous peoples have been endangered.There were numerous challenges to overcome for the white people, and Aboriginal experts helped them in all of them: This short documentary film film, made by Lucinda Horrocks and Jary Nemo, explores the little known contribution Aboriginal people made in colonial times by guiding people and stock across the river systems of Victoria.Aboriginal people living in urban areas, such as Western Sydney, use tap water which works well with washing machines.