It has largely infected male homosexuals and intravenous-drug users, but about 4 percent of the cases in the United States are thought to have been trasmitted by heterosexual sex.
Groups Support Condom Ads Most liberal Protestant groups and Reform and Conservative Jewish groups do not oppose contraception, and some have supported advertising and distribution of condoms in schools as disease preventatives. Shaw, of the bishops' conference, argued that AIDS has given condom manufacturers and family planning groups a pretext by which to gain the entry into the media they had been seeking for years.
Everett Koop called the condom the best safeguard, short of abstinence, against AIDS.
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, which cripples the body's immune system, is spread primarily through sexual intercourse or exchanges of blood.
'' A spokesman for the National Conference of Catholic Bishops, Russell Shaw, warned that condom advertising would implicitly advocate contraception, which the church opposes, and would encourage promiscuity rather than self-discipline among the young people who may watch such programs.
Values and Role of Parents'' The responsibility for instructing children forming their attitudes and values is essentially a responsibility that belongs to parents,'' he said.KRON is running a 15-second commercial that depicts a box of Trojan condoms. For all the right reasons.'' James Griffin, director of broadcast operations for WJLA in Washington, said the station reached its decision after it was approached by the makers of Trojan condoms.An announcer's voice tells of the Surgeon General's statements endorsing condoms and adds: '' This is a box of Trojans. '' We think that public health considerations override the moral questions raised by those who disagree with the decisions,'' he said. The new direction by local television stations has won a good deal of support among ordinary viewers. The important factor is that it stops unwanted pregnancies and stops the spread of AIDS.'' Susan Smirnoff, a spokeswoman for Carter-Wallace Inc., which manufactures Trojan, said that until the Surgeon General's statement, condom companies had been unsuccessful in advertising on television. Today, have all recently decided to accept condom advertsements.The station is to run only ads that deal with condoms as a disease preventative, not as a contraceptive. A Columbia University student, Frances Schwartzkopff, said she was pleased. '' That got the ball rolling and it really took off,'' she said. The Newspaper Advertising Bureau cautions that generally, the advertisements permitted emphasize the health features rather than erotic features of condoms.'' TV encourages everyone to go into bed, but it doesn't explain what to do once you get there,'' she said. '' They thought maybe they ought to try a different ploy and see if they could run ads not directed toward birth-control use of a condom but disease-protection use of a condom.'' Trojan sales increased 20 percent in 1986 over 1985, though Ms. The television networks, however, have so far declined to permit condom advertising.'' They are quite openly displayed and people can buy condoms as well as buying their yogurts and soda,'' said Dr. Carlson, director of the University Health Service.He said condoms were openly displayed so that students would not feel they were making ''an exotic kind of purchase.'' But the health service has lately installed condom vending machines as well and distributed booklets to all students on safe sexual practices.Experts Fuel Interest in Condoms The reason for the new interest, almost everyone agrees, is the belief by some experts that condoms provide a helpful barrier against AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases such as herpes, chlamydia and gonorrhea.Condoms, rubber sheaths named after an 18th-century physician, and made for men to use, appeared to lose favor in recent decades because of the popularity of birth-control pills, diaphragms and other devices.The workshop teaches the students about the history of other sexually transmitted diseases as well as AIDS.Those talks are followed by discussions of safe sex and the use of condoms.