The 1950s in America were a time of nostalgia and neurosis. But the 50’s also saw the Iron Curtain in Europe, the entrenchment of Communism in China, and a Red Scare that divided Americans at home. believed that it could politically, culturally and militarily lead the world.
The 1950s in America were a time of nostalgia and neurosis. But the 50’s also saw the Iron Curtain in Europe, the entrenchment of Communism in China, and a Red Scare that divided Americans at home. believed that it could politically, culturally and militarily lead the world.Tags: Research Paper On MarijuanaThesis EuthanasiaTitles Of Research PapersCritical Thinking CompetencySample Market Research ProposalEssays On Warren BuffetJoan Didion Essays Self RespectWritting An EssayAthens Compare Contrast Essay Military Sparta ValuesProblem Solving For Year 4
SINGING “LETS HAVE THE WORLD OF TOMORROW TODAY” Let’s have the world of tomorrow today. BILL MOYERS: But there were ghosts and shadows at the banquet.
BILL MOYERS: For a while, everybody got what they wanted. The military wanted its share of postwar prosperity.
The anxiety it created symbolized in that cloud and this sign — the sign of a fallout shelter. Me, I graduated from high school, put away my band uniform, went off to college, married, finished graduate school, and wound up working in Washington with an up and coming senator from Texas, a man named Johnson. Do you remember where you were then, those many years ago? BILL MOYERS: Obviously, some of us had different jobs back then, as the war came to a close. Kennedy was a freshman congressman in 1946, and so was the man on the right, Richard Nixon. Major John Glenn, in 1957, setting a new speed record. Got yourself a good job, preferably with a big company. “Life will not be a burden for me at 35, because I will be securely anchored in my family. She will also be centered in the home, a housewife.
Lyndon Johnson was in the House of Representatives preparing to run for the Senate, a race he’d win by 87 votes. It’s surprising, looking back, how so many of us admired the same heroes and shared the same assumptions, took similar things for granted, and held a common vision of the course a life should run. Bachelors were thought of as eccentric, career girls an exception, homosexuals people with an ugly secret. Perhaps at 45 with the children grow up, she will go in for hospital work and so on.” The sociologist David Riesman looked closely and saw a generation that was other directed.
Bill Moyers reports on how an initial burst of optimism fostered an era of American conformity, in which fitting in led to a hostility and distrust of those who stood out. But you could smoke all you wanted and not even the Surgeon General would complain.
TRANSCRIPT BILL MOYERS: I’m Bill Moyers, and this, of course, is the mushroom cloud of an atomic explosion. SINGING “SMOKE, SMOKE, SMOKE”: As you light up a sweet cigarette, and the vapors forms into a ring.A democracy sacrificed to preserve peace in our time.In 1948, Czechoslovakia, although allied by treaty with Russia, was again free and democratic.A clean cut victory in a righteous cause, there’s no feeling like it. And bombers would become brand new cars, while supermarkets and shopping centers sprouted a harvest of abundance. Gadgets so novel we couldn’t even give them a name. Women who had held all sorts of jobs during the war were expected to return to more conventional roles as housewives, or secretaries, or adornments on a glamorous pedestal.Had it not all been prophesied in magazines and news reels? BILL MOYERS: The mainstream — that was the place to be. The result was that demographic phenomenon known as the Baby Boom.And since economists had warned that maybe peace and prosperity do not go together, you heard talk of a postwar slump in case of disarmament. BILL MOYERS: Some of our leaders had grim memories of another postwar period, when a young Hitler built towers of madness out of Europe’s ashes. But a nation weary of entangling commitments and rushing pell-mell to gratify desires long deferred wasn’t so sure. [EXPLOSION] Two years later, European capitals still suffering from the shooting war were battlegrounds for totalitarian aggression.In Europe, what stood out above all was the stark gap between our plenty and the misery of victor and vanquished alike. However, another victorious ally had plans of its own — ambitions that seemed to betray our wartime friendship. NEWSREEL NARRATOR: Gone was the spirit of wartime unity that reached it’s peak on that historic afternoon in April ’45 at the Elba River in Germany. The internal recovery was sabotaged through the creation of disaster and strife, to the point of civil war.It’s leader, of the popular Jan Masaryk, a friend of the West. The world was told that Masaryk would be allowed to stay in office.A few days later, the government officially announced that he had committed suicide by throwing himself out the window. What economic and humane appeals had failed to do, spreading Communist influence now achieved.The place was hard to spell, but impossible to forget — Czechoslovakia.BILL MOYERS: We remember that 10 years earlier, Czechoslovakia had been offered up to Hitler as an appeasement by British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.