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Educational psychology has broken down problems in two different ways.
It's one that is unclear, abstract, or confusing, and that does not have a clear problem solving strategy. If your teacher gives you a quiz that asks you to list the first ten U. Presidents in order and name one important historical fact about each, that would be a well-defined problem.
The instructions and expected outcome is clear, and you can use a simple memory recall strategy to come up with the correct answer.
Problem – a state of desire for reaching a definite goal from a present condition  Solution – the management of a problem in a way that successfully meets the goals set for treating it   Problem solving on Wikipedia  Introduction to Problem Solving by Robert Harris One important call-out is the importance of having a goal.
As defined above, the solution may not completely solve problem, but it does meet the goals you establish for treating it–you may not be able to completely resolve the problem (end world hunger), but you can have a goal to help it (reduce the number of starving children by 10%).
Problem solving is the application of ideas, skills or factual information to achieve the solution to a problem or to reach a desired outcome.
Let's talk about different types of problems and different types of solutions.a clear definition of the opportunity and a goal for fixing it. The goal is to create a list of possible solutions to choose from.The harder the problem, the more solutions you may need. The implementation of a solution requires planning and execution. To know you successfully solved the problem, it’s important to review what worked, what didn’t and what impact the solution had.With that understanding of problem solving, let’s talk about the steps that can get you there.The five problem solving steps are shown in the chart below: However this chart as is a little misleading.However, if your teacher gives you a quiz that instead asks you, 'think about some history, then draw a picture and be sure to wash your hands,' you're not really sure what to do. This is a poorly-defined problem, because you don't know how to reach a solution or answer.The second way that educational psychology has broken down different types of problems is by making a distinction between routine and non-routine problems.For example, the ethics of social issues such as the death penalty, or the role of civil rights in laws, or themes in famous literature, might be considered non-routine problems.Non-routine problems require more complicated or creative problem solving strategies.Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.Try it risk-free We solve hundreds of small problems everyday.