The aim here is not to summarize their views or compare them on all matters ethical.
Instead, the task is to examine several key areas where we can reasonably see Kant as responding to or influenced by Hume, or where comparisons between their views are particularly fruitful. The most important difference is that Kant sees law, duty, and obligation as the very heart of morality, while Hume does not.
His loyalty to the boy is so deep and profound that when his son asked, “what would you do if I died?
” , the father replies, “if you died I would want to die too.
The relationship between Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) and David Hume (1711–1776) is a source of longstanding fascination.
Kant credited Hume with waking him from his “dogmatic slumber”, and he describes the , arguably the most important work of modern philosophy, as the solution to the “Humean problem in its greatest possible amplification” (Prol 0–61).The Bible tells us of the many selfless and compassionate acts that Jesus performed during his time on Earth, and His teachings to his disciples and followers about this topic.Jesus extends the virtues of mercy and compassion to us for our faults, which may have resulted from the temptations of our bodily needs, and specifically uses them to show His uncommon power to overcome these weaknesses.The experiences that Jesus had with confronting and ultimately resisting earthly temptations, and His final martyr-like suffering, put Him in a unique position to help us.In addition, by his example, we are inspired to be merciful and compassionate to one another.In the book, The Road, the story tells the tale of a boy and his father, traveling south to escape the hard winter that is falling in a world devastated by an unnamed apocalyptic event, most likely a nuclear war.Along their harsh and dangerous journey, they encounter other survivors, most are of the unsavory variety, be it cannibals, thieves or rapists.On a day-to-day basis, we are more aware of our physical circumstances than we are of our spiritual conditions.Although we exhibit a natural tendency to reject His offer of mercy, we should come to understand that the opportunity to receive spiritual help from Jesus is more important than what is merely required for our physical bodies.Mc Carthy uses his book to examine why it is that some humans continue to hold onto hope in the face of such overwhelming odds, and why it is that others give up when faced with the same situations.The father, who, like his son, remains unnamed throughout the entire story, feels obligated to keep on living in order to protect his remaining flesh and blood; his only child.