Finally a solution is selected to be implemented and verified.Problems have a goal to be reached and how you get there depends upon problem orientation (problem-solving coping style and skills) and systematic analysis.
The ability to understand what the goal of the problem is, and what rules could be applied, represents the key to solving the problem.
Sometimes the problem requires abstract thinking or coming up with a creative solution.
Mental health professionals study the human problem solving processes using methods such as introspection, behaviorism, simulation, computer modeling, and experiment.
Social psychologists look into the person-environment relationship aspect of the problem and independent and interdependent problem-solving methods.
There are two different types of problems, ill-defined and well-defined: different approaches are used for each.
Well-defined problems have specific goals and clear expected solutions, while ill-defined problems do not.
The term problem solving means slightly different things depending on the discipline.
For instance, it is a mental process in psychology and a computerized process in computer science.
It can also be applied to a product or process prior to an actual failure event—when a potential problem can be predicted and analyzed, and mitigation applied so the problem never occurs.
Techniques such as failure mode and effects analysis can be used to proactively reduce the likelihood of problems occurring.