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Although juvenile courts handle all kinds or family- and youth-related matters, such as adoption and guardianship, this research paper focuses on delinquency matters.
In addition, some states automatically process any individual, regardless of age, through the adult criminal justice system for some serious offenses.
This sample Juvenile Courts Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. However, authorities must intervene in a way that acknowledges the limited rationality of immature minds.
The juvenile court was founded in 1899 in Chicago with the goal of rehabilitating wayward youth.
Future Directions As therapeutic legal institution, the juvenile court balances rehabilitation and justice for America’s youth who are at risk for harm or have violated the law.
Juvenile court professionals have designations similar to those of their counterparts in adult courts, but their roles differ slightly.
A juvenile court judge is a magistrate who is responsible for adjudicating delinquency, status offenses, and abuse and neglect cases and other legal family matters.Status offenses include truancy, drinking alcohol, breaking curfew, and incorrigibility (i.e., being uncontrollable).Cases in which juveniles need intervention because they are not being cared for by parents or guardians are called abuse (if done so maliciously) or neglect (if done so unintentionally).Because young minds are impressionable, court caseworkers want to intervene early in a child’s life to alter bad behavior and poor decision making.From its inception, the juvenile court has applied the best scientific methods from medicine, psychology, criminology, sociology, and social work to change antisocial behavior.For instance, a juvenile is referred to the court rather than arrested.A formal written complaint against a juvenile is called a petition rather than a charge.In urban courts with large dockets, several officers, known as magistrates, referees, or masters, may adjudicate cases.A chief judge authorizes these officers to adjudicate cases. Examples of criminalization include an increased use of determinate outcomes and more adversarial proceedings. Despite treatment being the fundamental goal, juvenile courts recently have become more criminalized because of concerns about fairness; that is, they are more like adult criminal courts.