Simon Wiesenthal, a Nazi-hunter, provided leads for war crimes investigators about Adolf Eichmann.
Eichmann, who had helped plan and carry out the deportations of millions of Jews, was brought to trial in Israel.
The past two decades have seen the establishment of new international courts, and an accompanying revival of interest in their predecessors at Nuremberg and Tokyo.
Recent commentaries have analysed the founding documents, the choice of defendants, the handling of the charges, the conduct of the cases – and also the legal and political legacies of the tribunals.
Judges from the Allied powers—Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States—presided over the hearings of twenty-two major Nazi criminals. Most of the defendants admitted to the crimes of which they were accused, although most claimed that they were simply following the orders of a higher authority.
Kolbe Electrosynthesis - Nuremberg Trials Essay Thesis
Those individuals directly involved in the killing received the most severe sentences.
The death sentences are carried out on October 16, 1946, with two exceptions: Göring committed suicide shortly before his scheduled execution, and Bormann remained missing.
The other 10 defendants are hanged, their bodies cremated, and the ashes deposited in the Iser River.
The testimony of hundreds of witnesses, many of them survivors, was followed all over the world.
Eichmann was found guilty and executed in 1962 August 8, 1945Charter of the International Military Tribunal (IMT) announced at London Conference The International Military Tribunal (IMT) is composed of judges from the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union.