Until the 1950s, Americans paid little attention to the problem of automobile safety.
The typical American automobile had dashboards with numerous hard protrusions, no seatbelts, poor brakes and tires, noncollapsible steering columns, doors that opened on impact, soft seats and suspension systems, and windshield glass that shattered easily.
In 1966, Congress passed the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act, establishing the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) within the Department of Commerce. gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
This agency created standards for production vehicles that included recessed and padded dashes, dual braking systems, standard bumper heights, safety door latches, and impact-absorbing steering columns. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style.
The past few years have seen the introduction of increasingly sophisticated, electronically controlled, components into automotive suspensions which Analytical target cascading in automotive vehicle designfree download The product development process for complex artifacts is most effective when the required design tasks can be accomplished in a concurrent and consistent manner.
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The convergence of forces for change took the industry by total surprise in the months immediately after the presidential election of 1964. Johnson to sponsor social reform legislation and the appearance on the Washington scene of Ralph Nader, Abraham Ribicoff, and the American Trial Lawyers' Association are only part of the story.
Additionally, widespread consumer dissatisfaction with the American automobile industry, its practices, and its increasingly defective products contributed to the realization that auto safety was a good political issue and news story. John Heitmann See also Automobile Industry ; Consumer Protection ; Unsafe at Any Speed .
Indeed, by the end of the 1960s, the previously unassailable industry was brought to its knees by the rising tide of public opinion, regulatory legislation, and a newly created federal government bureaucracy.
One major reason for the new emphasis on auto safety came as a result of enhanced technical knowledge about the "second crash," that is, the collision of the automobile's passengers with the interior after the initial exterior impact.