Cohesion means that the elements of your paper work together smoothly and naturally.In a cohesive research paper, information from research is seamlessly integrated with the writer’s ideas.
You may know that athletes miss catches, fumble balls, or overshoot goals.
Dancers forget steps, turn too slowly, or miss beats.
Writing has the same capacity to profit from improvement and revision.
You should revise and edit in stages: do not expect to catch everything in one go.
For example, you will first look at how the overall paper and your ideas are organized.
In the second section of this chapter, you will focus more on editing: correcting the mechanical issues.When you edit, you take a second look at how you expressed your ideas. You fix any problems in grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure. You make your essay into a polished, mature piece of writing, the end product of your best efforts.Tip How do you get the best out of your revisions and editing?Does each body paragraph have a clear main idea that relates to the thesis?Do the main ideas in the body paragraphs flow in a logical order? Do I need to add or revise topic sentences or transitions to make the overall flow of ideas clearer?Revise to Improve Organization When you revise to improve organization, you look at the flow of ideas throughout the essay as a whole and within individual paragraphs.You check to see that your essay moves logically from the introduction to the body paragraphs to the conclusion, and that each section reinforces your thesis.Do the details in the paragraph relate to the main idea?Do I need to recast any sentences or add transitions to improve the flow of sentences? As he read, he highlighted the main idea of each paragraph so he could see whether his ideas proceeded in a logical order. However, he did notice that one paragraph did not have a clear main idea. During revision, Jorge added a topic sentence that clearly connected the paragraph to the one that had preceded it.When you revise, you take a second look at your ideas.You might add, cut, move, or change information in order to make your ideas clearer, more accurate, more interesting, or more convincing.