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Keep things interesting for your readers by switching up the language and placement of your signal phrases.In the words of Peterson (2012), “…” As Johnson and Allen (2006) have noted, “…” Einstein and Yvanovich (1956), researchers in physics, pointed out that, “…” “…,” claimed Carter (1998).
edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the Reference citations in text are covered on pages 169-179 of the Publication Manual.
For example, "Until I feared I would lose it, I never loved to read.
One does not love breathing" by itself doesn't make much sense.
What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay.
Note: On pages 65-66, the Publication Manual suggests that authors of research papers should use the past tense or present perfect tense for signal phrases that occur in the literature review and procedure descriptions (for example, Jones (1998) found or Jones (1998) has found...).Sometimes to integrate quotations smoothly into your work, you will need to omit words, condense material, or add needed words to a passage.Always use punctuation to alert readers to any changes from the original source."One does not love breathing." You can also end the quotation with the signal phrase, placing the focus on the quote.Correct use of academic style and punctuation are also crucial to good signal phrases. Clarke Learning Center at the University of Plattsburgh, quotation marks appear around direct quotes, with a comma inside the closing quotation mark before the signal phrase.As a result, the lack of context jars readers, leaving them unaware of who is speaking.Signal phrases transform dropped quotations from moments of confusion to smoothly integrated sources.If every signal phrase uses the verb "says," for example, the repetition will create a distraction for the reader rather than smooth prose.The writing center at the University of Loyola New Orleans suggests using a variety of verbs throughout your paper, such as "acknowledges," "denies," "accepts" and "maintains." Signal phrases can also become repetitive if they appear in the same place in every sentence.The example uses MLA which requires the author and page number in parentheses following the quote with the full citation listed on a separate sheet as a bibliography. Writing an essay that incorporates sources can be a challenging process.