Social Security Number Assignment

In many regions the original range of area number assignments was eventually exhausted as population grew.The original area number assignments have been augmented as required.That no longer seems to be the case.) Currently, the serial numbers are assigned in strictly increasing order with each area and group combination.

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First issued in November 1936, to date, over 420 million different Social Security numbers have been issued in the United States.

Since all of your financial records, education, driver’s licenses, insurance and health care are tied to your Social Security number; it is a major factor in identity theft.

Area numbers assigned before 1972 reflect the state where you applied for your number; otherwise, they are based upon the Social Security card application mailing address zip-code. Some people believe the next two digits, called the , helps identify a person’s race. However, New Hampshire was ultimately given the 001 area number designator so that social security number 0 could be assigned to Social Security Board Chairman John G.

Winant, who was a three-time governor of the state. Winant eventually declined the honor of having the lowest social security card number. Officially, the first social security number issued was 0 and it was assigned to John David Sweeney. Sweeney died of a heart attack in 1974 at the age of 61; ironically, he never received a single penny of Social Security benefits. In many cases, invalid Social Security numbers can be easily spotted. Not surprisingly, more than 40,000 people have since claimed Mrs. Whitcher was eventually issued a new number, but not before being questioned by the FBI.

All of the original assignments were less than 585 (except for the 700-729 railroad worker series mentioned above). 001-003 NH 400-407 KY 530 NV 004-007 ME 408-415 TN 531-539 WA 008-009 VT 416-424 AL 540-544 OR 010-034 MA 425-428 MS 545-573 CA 035-039 RI 429-432 AR 574 AK 040-049 CT 433-439 LA 575-576 HI 050-134 NY 440-448 OK 577-579 DC 135-158 NJ 449-467 TX 580 VI Virgin Islands 159-211 PA 468-477 MN 581-584 PR Puerto Rico 212-220 MD 478-485 IA 585 NM 221-222 DE 486-500 MO 586 PI Pacific Islands* 223-231 VA 501-502 ND 587-588 MS 232-236 WV 503-504 SD 589-595 FL 237-246 NC 505-508 NE 596-599 PR Puerto Rico 247-251 SC 509-515 KS 600-601 AZ 252-260 GA 516-517 MT 602-626 CA 261-267 FL 518-519 ID 627-645 TX 268-302 OH 520 WY 646-647 UT 303-317 IN 521-524 CO 648-649 NM 318-361 IL 525 NM *Guam, American Samoa, 362-386 MI 526-527 AZ Philippine Islands, 387-399 WI 528-529 UT Northern Mariana Islands 650-699 unassigned, for future use 700-728 Railroad workers through 1963, then discontinued 729-799 unassigned, for future use 800-999 not valid SSNs.

Some sources have claimed that numbers above 900 were used when some state programs were converted to federal control, but current SSA documents claim no numbers above 799 have ever been used.

The group number is not related to geography but rather to the order in which SSNs are issued for a particular area.

Before 1965, only half the group numbers were used: odd numbers were used below 10 and even numbers were used above 9.

This description of the structure of the Social Security Number is based on messages written by Jerry Crow and Barbara Bennett.

The information has been verified by its correspondence to the SSA's Program Operations Manual System (POMS) Part 01, Chapter 001, subchapter 01, which can be found at Federal Depository Libraries.


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