Gang involvement seems to be related to the gang member’s relationships to the social institutions that are most important to all youths—family, schools, peer groups, and the labour market.Thus, gang members are more likely than other youths to come from broken homes, to perform poorly in school, to have peers who are inclined to engage in criminal behaviour, and to be unemployed or underemployed.Although some works have compared American and European gangs (e.g., The U. government estimated that at the turn of the 21st century nearly half of all gang members in the country were Hispanic, about one-third were African American, about one-eighth were white, and about one-twentieth were Asian.
Gang involvement seems to be related to the gang member’s relationships to the social institutions that are most important to all youths—family, schools, peer groups, and the labour market.Tags: Writing A Cover Letter For Executive AssistantStress Research PaperMemory Of My Old School EssayBrand Management Case StudyUs Phd ThesisHotel Rwanda Review EssayCollege Admissions Essay Grading Rubric
In the late 20th century, gangs appeared in Africa and Latin America.
Gangs in Asia—particularly the Tongs, the Chinese Triads, and various secret societies—can be linked to similar groups in the United States.
The criminal justice system is an important intervening institution for many gang members, but, because it may generate negative attitudes toward the police and legitimate society, its effect is not always positive.
Research also has shown that an individual’s criminal activity increases when he joins a gang and decreases to pregang levels when he withdraws from gang activity.
Europe following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Across the globe, youth gangs exist wherever there are cities, and they often operate in association with adult organized-crime syndicates.
Many gangs associate themselves with a particular geographic area or type of crime, and some use graffiti as a form of nonverbal communication.
Gang behaviour may be more universal and ancient than is commonly thought.
Semiformalized groups of young adults have existed throughout recorded history, and gangs in some ancient societies engaged in very much the same kind of activities as those associated with gangs today.
The speeches of the Marcus Tullius Cicero, for example, contain references to armed bands of young men, led by Publius Clodius and Titus Annius Milo, who engaged in fights and disrupted Roman politics for years.