For our class, you'll write the more-or-less standard paragraph abstract.
There is no word limit, but the length of the abstract should indicate the length of the paper, so most of yours will brief.
While gathering ideas, you may discover NEW ones that will require you to alter the outline.
This is the balancing act: inserting ideas into the outline while modifying the outline to accommodate new ideas.
The second is better and makes a concise assertion (is a whole sentence) about the outcome, but doesn't specify the type of ischemic injury (which a group of expert readers would have preferred).
The advantage to concision here is that it makes the article more likely to come up in multiple searches, a useful strategy when a reader could be looking for "estrodiol", "neuroprotective agents" or "ischemic injury".Start with the Ideas in Your Proposal In the proposal you wrote for the project should be (1) the main question or issue that you are exploring in your project, (2) two or three sub-questions or sub-issues related to the main one.These questions/issues can serve as a the beginnings of a very simple outline for your paper.Some journals specify the abstract follow a modified "IMRD" format, with subheadings similar to "objective" -- "method" -- "results" -- "conclusion".Some even go so far to have a second abstract-like text that provides a genuine overview of article.The third has all the components a reader most wants -- it asserts an outcome in a whole sentence and includes some specific information about type of injury.The advantage to a longer title is that more key words are available to the searcher, so this article is likely to come up in many different searches: CO, Nrf2 pathway, neuroprotection, focal cerebral ischemia, cerebral ischemia.In addition the the abstract, you'll also write 3-5 keywords that could be used to search for your paper. Journals will mandate which form as well as maximum number of words.Journals often request author-supplied keywords in addition to providing database specific terms. Both contain the same information in the same order, but the structured one adds subheadings to organize the reading experience. Journals focusing on clinically-relevant work often prefer longer, more detailed abstracts -- usually structured -- with the explicit justification that busy health care professionals need to make informed decisions quickly and effectively, assigning the goal to abstracts.Gathering Ideas from the Articles Get a stack of small file cards.As you read each article, look for the major ideas.